Direct intracerebellar administration of quisqualate resulted in marked increases in levels of cGMP in the cerebellum of the mouse, with a Hill number of 2.0. Quinoxalinediones, DNQX (6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione) and CNQX (6-nitro, 7-cyanoquinoxaline-2, 3-dione) attenuated the quisqualate-induced response. 6,7-Dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione also attenuated the d-serine-induced increases in levels of cGMP in a competitive manner. Intracerebellar injection of DNQX also antagonized the response to parenterally-administered harmaline. Similar results were also obtained with CNQX. These results indicate that these quinoxalinediones can attenuate the responses, mediated through the NMDA-associated glycine recognition sites, as well as the NMDA receptor complex. However, the glycine antagonist HA-966 (3-amino-1-hydroxypyrrolidone-2), at doses which completely reversed the increases induced by d-serine, failed to alter the response to quisqualate, indicating a lack of effect of glycine antagonists on quisqualate-mediated synaptic events. These results further support the interaction of the quinoxalinediones, DNQX and CNQX, with the NMDA receptor complex as established in receptor binding and electrophysiological studies.
- NMDA-associated glycine receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience