A battery approach for measuring neuropsychological change

Steven Paul Woods, Meredith Childers, Ronald J. Ellis, Stephanie Guaman, Igor Grant, Robert K. Heaton, J. Hampton Atkinson, J. Allen McCutchan, Thomas D. Marcotte, Mark R. Wallace, Scott Letendre, Rachel Schrier, Mariana Cherner, Sharron Dawes, Lei Lu, Corinna Young, Terry Jernigan, Michael J. Taylor, John Hesselink, Eliezer MasliahDianne Langford, Michelle Frybarger, Ian Abramson, Deborah Lazzaretto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The accurate interpretation of serial neuropsychological testing is a fundamental activity of neuropsychologists in clinical and research settings. Although prior research supports the construct validity of several individual tests for the reliable measurement of cognitive change, neuropsychologists are often interested in detecting changes in cognitive functioning across a battery of tests. In the present study, we examined the specificity of a modified Reliable Change Index (RCI) methodology applied across a focused battery of commonly used neuropsychological tests. Fifty-seven healthy controls underwent neuropsychological assessment at two time points separated by approximately 1 year. Test-retest reliability coefficients and standard RCI confidence intervals for the individual tests were broadly comparable with prior research in healthy populations. Battery change scores were generated by calculating z-scores of change for each individual test, which were summed across the entire test battery. The RCI methodology was applied to the summed z-score to provide a 90% confidence interval as an indicator of overall cognitive stability. These battery RCI normative standards demonstrated adequate specificity when applied to 29 persons with HIV-1 infection who were classified as medically and neurologically stable. Findings from this study may be useful for both clinicians and researchers seeking normative standards for determining reliable changes in performance across a commonly used battery of neuropsychological tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Neuropsychological Tests
Research
Confidence Intervals
Reproducibility of Results
HIV Infections
HIV-1
Research Personnel
Population

Keywords

  • Neuropsychological assessment
  • Quantitative methods
  • Test reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Woods, S. P., Childers, M., Ellis, R. J., Guaman, S., Grant, I., Heaton, R. K., ... Lazzaretto, D. (2006). A battery approach for measuring neuropsychological change. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 21(1), 83-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acn.2005.07.008

A battery approach for measuring neuropsychological change. / Woods, Steven Paul; Childers, Meredith; Ellis, Ronald J.; Guaman, Stephanie; Grant, Igor; Heaton, Robert K.; Atkinson, J. Hampton; McCutchan, J. Allen; Marcotte, Thomas D.; Wallace, Mark R.; Letendre, Scott; Schrier, Rachel; Cherner, Mariana; Dawes, Sharron; Lu, Lei; Young, Corinna; Jernigan, Terry; Taylor, Michael J.; Hesselink, John; Masliah, Eliezer; Langford, Dianne; Frybarger, Michelle; Abramson, Ian; Lazzaretto, Deborah.

In: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, Vol. 21, No. 1, 01.01.2006, p. 83-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Woods, SP, Childers, M, Ellis, RJ, Guaman, S, Grant, I, Heaton, RK, Atkinson, JH, McCutchan, JA, Marcotte, TD, Wallace, MR, Letendre, S, Schrier, R, Cherner, M, Dawes, S, Lu, L, Young, C, Jernigan, T, Taylor, MJ, Hesselink, J, Masliah, E, Langford, D, Frybarger, M, Abramson, I & Lazzaretto, D 2006, 'A battery approach for measuring neuropsychological change', Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 83-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acn.2005.07.008
Woods SP, Childers M, Ellis RJ, Guaman S, Grant I, Heaton RK et al. A battery approach for measuring neuropsychological change. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology. 2006 Jan 1;21(1):83-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acn.2005.07.008
Woods, Steven Paul ; Childers, Meredith ; Ellis, Ronald J. ; Guaman, Stephanie ; Grant, Igor ; Heaton, Robert K. ; Atkinson, J. Hampton ; McCutchan, J. Allen ; Marcotte, Thomas D. ; Wallace, Mark R. ; Letendre, Scott ; Schrier, Rachel ; Cherner, Mariana ; Dawes, Sharron ; Lu, Lei ; Young, Corinna ; Jernigan, Terry ; Taylor, Michael J. ; Hesselink, John ; Masliah, Eliezer ; Langford, Dianne ; Frybarger, Michelle ; Abramson, Ian ; Lazzaretto, Deborah. / A battery approach for measuring neuropsychological change. In: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology. 2006 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 83-89.
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