The distinction of multifocal versus multicentric gliomas can conceivably have important therapeutic implications. We present a 27-year-old man with two radiologically distinct non-enhancing infiltrative masses in the anterior frontal lobe and the posterior temporoparietal region. No intervening disease was evident on MRI modalities; the lesions were stable over a period of many months. He underwent two separate resections a few months apart. Given the question of whether his tumors represented two de novo primary multicentric tumors or one multifocal tumor, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array karyotyping and in situ hybridization studies were performed on both tumors. The two tumor profiles looked remarkably similar, histologically and genetically: both were anaplastic astrocytomas with a common 33Mb gain/ amplification of 8q23.3-q24.3, including MYC amplification, suggesting a monoclonal origin. The temporoparietal neoplasm showed several additional genetic alterations. This case illustrates that even with today's advanced neuroimaging modalities, extensive radiologically invisible tumor may be present between seemingly separate sites of glioma involvement. Thus modern global genomic studies of such tumors may help distinguish whether multiple tumors represent one extensive neoplasm with microscopically invasive disease or multiple genetically distinct tumors.
- Multicentric glioma
- Multifocal glioma
- MYC amplification
- Single nucleotide polymorphism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Neurology