A comparison of effects of thermal injury and smoke inhalation on bacterial translocation

S. E. Morris, N. Navaratnam, D. N. Herndon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Thermal injury as well as smoke inhalation results in serious morbidity and high mortality. In a chronic ovine model, we studied the development of bacterial translocation to the mesenteric lymph node, liver, spleen, kidney, and lung following: 1) sham injury (N = 6), 2) cutaneous thermal injury (N = 5), 3) cotton smoke inhalation injury (N = 4), 4) combined thermal injury and smoke inhalation injury (N = 7). Cardiac output, mean arterial pressure, and plasma protein concentration were maintained within 10% of preinjury values. Urine output was maintained above 1 ml/kg/hour with fluid and plasma resuscitation. A wide-beam ultrasonic flow probe was chronically implanted to allow serial measurement of cephalic mesenteric arterial blood flow throughout the 48-hour experimental period. Sheep were sacrificed 48 hours following injury for quantitative organ culture of mesenteric lymph node, liver, spleen, kidney, and lung. Measurements of mesenteric blood flow demonstrated a decrease to 48 ± 8%, 80 ± 5%, and 64 ± 9% of preinjury levels in sheep receiving thermal injury, smoke inhalation injury, and combination injury, respectively. The sham animals maintained mesenteric blood flow at 102 ± 7% of control levels. Thermal injury, as well as combination thermal and smoke inhalation injury, resulted in higher levels of translocation than smoke inhalation injury alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)639-645
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Trauma
Volume30
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jul 18 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Morris, S. E., Navaratnam, N., & Herndon, D. N. (1990). A comparison of effects of thermal injury and smoke inhalation on bacterial translocation. Journal of Trauma, 30(6), 639-645.