Thermal injury as well as smoke inhalation results in serious morbidity and high mortality. In a chronic ovine model, we studied the development of bacterial translocation to the mesenteric lymph node, liver, spleen, kidney, and lung following: 1) sham injury (N = 6), 2) cutaneous thermal injury (N = 5), 3) cotton smoke inhalation injury (N = 4), 4) combined thermal injury and smoke inhalation injury (N = 7). Cardiac output, mean arterial pressure, and plasma protein concentration were maintained within 10% of preinjury values. Urine output was maintained above 1 ml/kg/hour with fluid and plasma resuscitation. A wide-beam ultrasonic flow probe was chronically implanted to allow serial measurement of cephalic mesenteric arterial blood flow throughout the 48-hour experimental period. Sheep were sacrificed 48 hours following injury for quantitative organ culture of mesenteric lymph node, liver, spleen, kidney, and lung. Measurements of mesenteric blood flow demonstrated a decrease to 48 ± 8%, 80 ± 5%, and 64 ± 9% of preinjury levels in sheep receiving thermal injury, smoke inhalation injury, and combination injury, respectively. The sham animals maintained mesenteric blood flow at 102 ± 7% of control levels. Thermal injury, as well as combination thermal and smoke inhalation injury, resulted in higher levels of translocation than smoke inhalation injury alone.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Trauma|
|State||Published - Jul 18 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine