A comparison of homogeneous male and female teams in a Mars simulation

Sheryl L. Bishop, Alamelu Sundaresan, Anne Pacros, Remon Annes, Ricardo Patricio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: International interest in psychosocial group functioning has increased as focus has shifted towards longer duration spaceflight and, particularly, the issues involved in sending a human crew to Mars. The current study investigates the role of gender, personality, group identity and stress on individual and group performance, motivation and behavior and psychological well being. Methods: Two six person homogeneous gendered international teams (i.e., all male and all female) conducted back-to-back Mars simulation missions late in the 2005 field season at the Mars Society's Mars Desert Research Station in Utah, USA. All participants were administered measures of personality, personal and group functioning, subjective stress and salivary samples taken to measure cortisol levels. Results: The relationships between personality, group identification and stress were examined through a variety of descriptive, correlational and nonparametric approaches. Differences in Agreeableness and Conscientiousness were found between males (lower) and females (higher) as well as Competitiveness (males higher). Group identity with mission goals was aligned largely along gender lines with females displaying higher alignment with mission objectives. Mismatches between subjective stress and cortisol assessment were found for the first half of the mission for men whereas females were congruent across the entire mission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Astronautical Federation - 56th International Astronautical Congress 2005
Pages100-110
Number of pages11
Volume1
StatePublished - 2005
EventInternational Astronautical Federation - 56th International Astronautical Congress 2005 - Fukuoka, Japan
Duration: Oct 17 2005Oct 21 2005

Other

OtherInternational Astronautical Federation - 56th International Astronautical Congress 2005
CountryJapan
CityFukuoka
Period10/17/0510/21/05

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Bishop, S. L., Sundaresan, A., Pacros, A., Annes, R., & Patricio, R. (2005). A comparison of homogeneous male and female teams in a Mars simulation. In International Astronautical Federation - 56th International Astronautical Congress 2005 (Vol. 1, pp. 100-110)