A comparison of two different 2400 mOsm solutions for resuscitation of major burns

Stephen M. Milner, M. P. Kinsky, S. C. Guha, D. N. Herndon, L. G. Phillips, G. C. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reduction of burn edema is a common goal in the resuscitation of patients with thermal injury. Initial infusion of a 2400 mOsm hypertonic 7.5% NaCl 6% dextran (HSD) has been shown to reduce volume needs, but elevated serum sodium levels limit the dose that can be safely used. This study tested the hypothesis that a 2400 mOsm solution of NaCl, amino acids, glucose, and 6% dextran (Isosal-D) would reduce similar volume requirements while maintaining normal plasma sodium levels. Hemodynamics, plasma sodium, fluid balance, and tissue water content were measured after an initial baseline period and during resuscitation of a large scald injury in 21 anesthetized sheep. Resuscitation was begun 30 minutes after the scald with infusion of 10 ml/kg of either lactated Ringer's (LR), Isosal-D, or HSD and was continued with LR to restore and maintain baseline oxygen delivery throughout the 8- hour period. Oxygen delivery, cardiac output, and mean arterial pressure were rapidly reestablished by all three solutions, although a persistent tachycardia was noted with Isosal-D. Net fluid requirements of both HSD (35 ± 13 ml/kg) and Isosal-D (72 ± 13 ml/kg) were significantly lower than in the LR group (203 ± 39 ml/kg). Mean serum sodium increased 11 mEq with HSD to a peak after 4 hours of 152 ± 5 mEq, whereas with LR sodium fell 7 mEq to 132 ± 4. Isosal-treated animals had minimal change in serum sodium. HSD significantly decreased tissue water content in colon, liver, pancreas, and nonburned skin compared with LR, whereas Isosal-D reduced edema only in the colon. It is concluded that in this protocol Isosal-D was not as effective as HSD at reducing volume needs and edema and had unexpected chronotropic effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-115
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Nursing(all)
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)

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