A critical role of the cAMP sensor Epac in switching protein kinase signalling in prostaglandin E2-induced potentiation of P2X3 receptor currents in inflamed rats

Congying Wang, Yanping Gu, Guang Wen Li, Li-Yen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sensitization of purinergic P2X receptors is one of the mechanisms responsible for exaggerated pain responses to inflammatory injuries. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), produced by inflamed tissues, is known to contribute to abnormal pain states. In a previous study, we showed that PGE2 increases fast inactivating ATP currents that are mediated by homomeric P2X3 receptors in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons isolated from normal rats. Protein kinase A (PKA) is the signalling pathway used by PGE2. Little is known about the action of PGE2 on ATP currents after inflammation, although the information is crucial for understanding the mechanisms underlying inflammation-induced sensitization of P2X receptors. We therefore studied the effects of PGE2 on P2X3 receptor-mediated ATP currents in DRG neurons dissociated from complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflamed rats. We found that PGE2 produces a large increase in ATP currents. PKCε, in addition to PKA, becomes involved in the modulatory action of PGE2. Thus, PGE2 signalling switches from a solely PKA-dependent pathway under normal conditions to both PKA- and PKC-dependent pathways after inflammation. Studying the mechanisms underlying the switch, we demonstrated that cAMP-responsive guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 (Epac1) is up-regulated after inflammation. The Epac agonist CPT-OMe mimics the potentiating effect of PGE2 and occludes the PKC-mediated PGE2 action on ATP currents. These results suggest that Epac plays a critical role in P2X3 sensitization by activation of de novo PKC-dependent signalling of PGE2 after inflammation and would be a useful therapeutic target for pain therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-203
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physiology
Volume584
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

Fingerprint

Purinergic P2X3 Receptors
Dinoprostone
Protein Kinases
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Adenosine Triphosphate
Inflammation
Spinal Ganglia
Pain
Purinergic P2X Receptors
Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
Neurons
Freund's Adjuvant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

@article{f27d9ff8461f44c795cc05b49762e50b,
title = "A critical role of the cAMP sensor Epac in switching protein kinase signalling in prostaglandin E2-induced potentiation of P2X3 receptor currents in inflamed rats",
abstract = "Sensitization of purinergic P2X receptors is one of the mechanisms responsible for exaggerated pain responses to inflammatory injuries. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), produced by inflamed tissues, is known to contribute to abnormal pain states. In a previous study, we showed that PGE2 increases fast inactivating ATP currents that are mediated by homomeric P2X3 receptors in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons isolated from normal rats. Protein kinase A (PKA) is the signalling pathway used by PGE2. Little is known about the action of PGE2 on ATP currents after inflammation, although the information is crucial for understanding the mechanisms underlying inflammation-induced sensitization of P2X receptors. We therefore studied the effects of PGE2 on P2X3 receptor-mediated ATP currents in DRG neurons dissociated from complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflamed rats. We found that PGE2 produces a large increase in ATP currents. PKCε, in addition to PKA, becomes involved in the modulatory action of PGE2. Thus, PGE2 signalling switches from a solely PKA-dependent pathway under normal conditions to both PKA- and PKC-dependent pathways after inflammation. Studying the mechanisms underlying the switch, we demonstrated that cAMP-responsive guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 (Epac1) is up-regulated after inflammation. The Epac agonist CPT-OMe mimics the potentiating effect of PGE2 and occludes the PKC-mediated PGE2 action on ATP currents. These results suggest that Epac plays a critical role in P2X3 sensitization by activation of de novo PKC-dependent signalling of PGE2 after inflammation and would be a useful therapeutic target for pain therapies.",
author = "Congying Wang and Yanping Gu and Li, {Guang Wen} and Li-Yen Huang",
year = "2007",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1113/jphysiol.2007.135616",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "584",
pages = "191--203",
journal = "Journal of Physiology",
issn = "0022-3751",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A critical role of the cAMP sensor Epac in switching protein kinase signalling in prostaglandin E2-induced potentiation of P2X3 receptor currents in inflamed rats

AU - Wang, Congying

AU - Gu, Yanping

AU - Li, Guang Wen

AU - Huang, Li-Yen

PY - 2007/10/1

Y1 - 2007/10/1

N2 - Sensitization of purinergic P2X receptors is one of the mechanisms responsible for exaggerated pain responses to inflammatory injuries. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), produced by inflamed tissues, is known to contribute to abnormal pain states. In a previous study, we showed that PGE2 increases fast inactivating ATP currents that are mediated by homomeric P2X3 receptors in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons isolated from normal rats. Protein kinase A (PKA) is the signalling pathway used by PGE2. Little is known about the action of PGE2 on ATP currents after inflammation, although the information is crucial for understanding the mechanisms underlying inflammation-induced sensitization of P2X receptors. We therefore studied the effects of PGE2 on P2X3 receptor-mediated ATP currents in DRG neurons dissociated from complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflamed rats. We found that PGE2 produces a large increase in ATP currents. PKCε, in addition to PKA, becomes involved in the modulatory action of PGE2. Thus, PGE2 signalling switches from a solely PKA-dependent pathway under normal conditions to both PKA- and PKC-dependent pathways after inflammation. Studying the mechanisms underlying the switch, we demonstrated that cAMP-responsive guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 (Epac1) is up-regulated after inflammation. The Epac agonist CPT-OMe mimics the potentiating effect of PGE2 and occludes the PKC-mediated PGE2 action on ATP currents. These results suggest that Epac plays a critical role in P2X3 sensitization by activation of de novo PKC-dependent signalling of PGE2 after inflammation and would be a useful therapeutic target for pain therapies.

AB - Sensitization of purinergic P2X receptors is one of the mechanisms responsible for exaggerated pain responses to inflammatory injuries. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), produced by inflamed tissues, is known to contribute to abnormal pain states. In a previous study, we showed that PGE2 increases fast inactivating ATP currents that are mediated by homomeric P2X3 receptors in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons isolated from normal rats. Protein kinase A (PKA) is the signalling pathway used by PGE2. Little is known about the action of PGE2 on ATP currents after inflammation, although the information is crucial for understanding the mechanisms underlying inflammation-induced sensitization of P2X receptors. We therefore studied the effects of PGE2 on P2X3 receptor-mediated ATP currents in DRG neurons dissociated from complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflamed rats. We found that PGE2 produces a large increase in ATP currents. PKCε, in addition to PKA, becomes involved in the modulatory action of PGE2. Thus, PGE2 signalling switches from a solely PKA-dependent pathway under normal conditions to both PKA- and PKC-dependent pathways after inflammation. Studying the mechanisms underlying the switch, we demonstrated that cAMP-responsive guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 (Epac1) is up-regulated after inflammation. The Epac agonist CPT-OMe mimics the potentiating effect of PGE2 and occludes the PKC-mediated PGE2 action on ATP currents. These results suggest that Epac plays a critical role in P2X3 sensitization by activation of de novo PKC-dependent signalling of PGE2 after inflammation and would be a useful therapeutic target for pain therapies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34848912884&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34848912884&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.135616

DO - 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.135616

M3 - Article

C2 - 17702820

AN - SCOPUS:34848912884

VL - 584

SP - 191

EP - 203

JO - Journal of Physiology

JF - Journal of Physiology

SN - 0022-3751

IS - 1

ER -