A growing world of small things: A brief review on the nanostructured vaccines

Lídia M. Andrade, Laura Cox, Alice F. Versiani, Flávio G. Da Fonseca

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Vaccines are the most cost-effective intervention in the management of infectious disease. Much of what we perceive as quality of life is related to a good health status and disease absence, for which vaccines are substantially responsible. Nonetheless, there are many infectious diseases for which no vaccine solution is available. That could be due to limitations of the classic approaches to vaccine development, including inactivated, subunit and attenuated vaccines. Nanostructured immunogens belong to a class of nonclassic vaccines in which nanostructures are loaded with antigen-related molecules. Here, we briefly review important features of the nanostructured vaccines - mainly those based in carbon nanotubes and gold nanorods - and discuss their use to prevent infectious diseases, especially those caused by viruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)767-779
Number of pages13
JournalFuture Virology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • carbon nanotubes
  • gold nanorods
  • nanoparticle vaccines
  • nanostructured vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology


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