A Model of Repetitive-DNA-Organized Chromatin Network of Interphase Chromosomes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

During interphase, chromosomes are relatively de-condensed in the nuclear space. Interphase chromosomes are known to occupy nuclear space in a non-random manner (chromosome territory); however, their internal structures are poorly defined. In particular, little is understood about the molecular mechanisms that govern the internal organization of interphase chromosomes. The author recently proposed that pairing (or interaction) of repetitive DNA-containing chromatin regions is a critical driving force that specifies the higher-order organization of eukaryotic chromosomes. Guided by this theoretical framework and published experimental data on the structure of interphase chromosomes and the spatial distribution of repetitive DNA in interphase nuclei, I postulate here a molecular structure of chromatin organization in interphase chromosomes. According to this model, an interphase chromosome is a chromatin mesh (or lattice) that is formed by repeat pairing (RP). The mesh consists of two types of structural components: chromosome nodes and loose chromatin fibers. Chromosome nodes are DNA repeat assemblies (RAs) that are formed via RP, while loose fibers include chromatin loops that radiate from the nodes. Different loops crosslink by RPs and form a large integrated chromatin network. I suggest that the organization of the chromatin network of a given interphase chromosome is intrinsically specified by the distribution of repetitive DNA elements on the linear chromatin. The stability of the organization is governed by the collection of RA-formed nodes, and the dynamics of the organization is driven by the assembling and disassembling of the nodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-175
Number of pages9
JournalGenes
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

Keywords

  • Chromatin
  • Chromosome
  • DNA repeat
  • Junk DNA
  • Repetitive DNA
  • Repetitive element
  • Repetitive sequence
  • Transposons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Model of Repetitive-DNA-Organized Chromatin Network of Interphase Chromosomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this