A Multi-Institutional Trial of an Objective Structured Clinical Examination

Emil R. Petrusa, Thomas A. Blackwell, Jan Carline, Paul G. Ramsey, William McGaghie, Romulo Colindres, Vickie Kowlowitz, Terrill A. Mast, Norman Soler, E. R. Petrusa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the feasibility of implementing the same 10 cases in an objective structural clinical examination (OSCE) to evaluate medical students' clinical skills following the medicine clerkship at four geographically dispersed medical schools. Results indicated that a clinically equivalent, standardized test of clinical performance could be developed at multiple schools. Generalizability of student scores ranged from.26 to.50. Overall performance averaged 63%, with case scores ranging from 74% for a history of recurrent urinary tract infections to 52% for a fever and cough. Significant differences were found among schools for individual cases, but performance from any one school was not consistently highest. Clinical skills scores ranged from 72% for physical examination technique to 58% for initial management, with varying significant differences among schools, suggesting inconsistent clinical training within and among schools. Performance was not higher for students examined later in the third year. Participant reactions were generally favorable. Results support the feasibility of implementing standardized OSCEs that would provide important data on the performance of graduates and on the adequacy of clinical education from different medical schools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-94
Number of pages9
JournalTeaching and Learning in Medicine
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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examination
Clinical Competence
school
Medical Schools
performance
Students
Feasibility Studies
Medical Students
Cough
Urinary Tract Infections
Physical Examination
OSCE
Fever
Medicine
Education
medical student
student
graduate
medicine
history

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Petrusa, E. R., Blackwell, T. A., Carline, J., Ramsey, P. G., McGaghie, W., Colindres, R., ... Petrusa, E. R. (1991). A Multi-Institutional Trial of an Objective Structured Clinical Examination. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 3(2), 86-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/10401339109539487

A Multi-Institutional Trial of an Objective Structured Clinical Examination. / Petrusa, Emil R.; Blackwell, Thomas A.; Carline, Jan; Ramsey, Paul G.; McGaghie, William; Colindres, Romulo; Kowlowitz, Vickie; Mast, Terrill A.; Soler, Norman; Petrusa, E. R.

In: Teaching and Learning in Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 2, 01.01.1991, p. 86-94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Petrusa, ER, Blackwell, TA, Carline, J, Ramsey, PG, McGaghie, W, Colindres, R, Kowlowitz, V, Mast, TA, Soler, N & Petrusa, ER 1991, 'A Multi-Institutional Trial of an Objective Structured Clinical Examination', Teaching and Learning in Medicine, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 86-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/10401339109539487
Petrusa ER, Blackwell TA, Carline J, Ramsey PG, McGaghie W, Colindres R et al. A Multi-Institutional Trial of an Objective Structured Clinical Examination. Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 1991 Jan 1;3(2):86-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/10401339109539487
Petrusa, Emil R. ; Blackwell, Thomas A. ; Carline, Jan ; Ramsey, Paul G. ; McGaghie, William ; Colindres, Romulo ; Kowlowitz, Vickie ; Mast, Terrill A. ; Soler, Norman ; Petrusa, E. R. / A Multi-Institutional Trial of an Objective Structured Clinical Examination. In: Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 1991 ; Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 86-94.
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