A 23-year-old man had slow psychomotor development at 6 months of age and developed intermittent corneal clouding at about 18 months. He developed a truncal ataxia and hypotonia of the limbs combined with spasticity and active deep reflexes that did not progress. His skeleton and facies were normal. Between 1 and 13 years of age, he developed severe optic atrophy, absence of retinal blood vessels, and an extinguished electroretinogram. Biochemical analysis of cultured fibroblasts indicated no lysosomal hydrolase deficiency; cellular metachromasia was absent and there were no mucopolysaccharidoses. Ultrastructural studies indicated single-membrane-limited vacuoles containing lamellated membranes and a polymorphous substance in tissuecultured cells and conjunctiva.
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