By extending synthesis opposite from a diverse array of DNA lesions, DNA polymerase (Pol) ζ performs a crucial role in translesion synthesis (TLS). In yeast and cancer cells, Rev1 functions as an indispensable scaffolding component of Polζ and it imposes highly error-prone TLS upon Polζ. However, for TLS that occurs during replication in normal human cells, Rev1 functions instead as a scaffolding component of Pols η, ι, and κ and Rev1-dependent TLS by these Pols operates in a predominantly error-free manner. The lack of Rev1 requirement for Polζ function in TLS in normal cells suggested that some other protein substitutes for this Rev1 role. Here, we identify a novel role of Polλ as an indispensable scaffolding component of Polζ. TLS studies opposite a number of DNA lesions support the conclusion that as an integral component, Polλ adapts Polζ -dependent TLS to operate in a predominantly error-free manner in human cells, essential for genome integrity and cellular homeostasis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
- Plant Science
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis