The management of corticosteroid refractory immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is currently unclear. Infliximab administration was associated with clinical improvement without significant adverse events in 3 patients with mycobacterial IRIS. Immunologic and virologic responses to antiretroviral therapy were unaffected. Tumor necrosis factor blockade may be beneficial for IRIS and warrants further study in clinical trials.
- immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
- mycobacterial infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Microbiology (medical)