A phase 1 study of systemic ADH-1 in combination with melphalan via isolated limb infusion in patients with locally advanced in-transit malignant melanoma

Georgia M. Beasley, Nicole McMahon, Gretchen Sanders, Christina K. Augustine, Maria A. Selim, Bercedis Peterson, Robin Norris, William P. Peters, Merrick I. Ross, Douglas S. Tyler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Isolated limb infusion with melphalan is a well-tolerated treatment for patients with in-transit extremity melanoma with an approximately 30% complete response (CR) rate. ADH-1 is a cyclic pentapeptide that disrupts N-cadherin adhesion complexes and when given systemically in a preclinical model of regional melphalan therapy demonstrated synergistic antitumor activity. A phase 1 dose escalation study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity of systemic ADH-1 in combination with melphalan via isolated limb infusion in patients with in-transit extremity melanoma was performed. METHODS: Dose escalation cohorts of 3 patients each received 1000, 2000, and 4000 mg (10 patients) of ADH-1 administered intravenously on Days 1 and 8 with standard dose melphalan via isolated limb infusion on Day 1. N-cadherin immunohistochemistry staining and quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis were performed on pretreatment tumor. Response was defined at 3 months using modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. RESULTS: Sixteen patients have been treated with no observed dose-limiting toxicities. Common treatment-related grade 1 or 2 toxicities included skin/dermatologic (n = 14) and pain (n = 12). Grade 3 toxicities included shortness of breath (n = 1), hypertension (n = 1), serologic toxicities (n = 4), and 1 grade 4 creatine phosphokinase elevation. In-field responses included 8 CRs, 2 partial responses, 1 stable disease, and 5 progressive diseases. Pharmacokinetic analysis demonstrated increasing ADH-1 concentrations at each dose and minimal variability in melphalan drug levels. CONCLUSIONS: Systemic ADH-1 at a dose of 4000 mg on Days 1 and 8 in combination with melphalan via isolated limb infusion is a well-tolerated, novel targeted therapy approach to regionally advanced melanoma. The number of CRs exceeded expectations, suggesting that targeting N-cadherin may be a new strategy for overcoming melanoma chemoresistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4766-4774
Number of pages9
JournalCancer
Volume115
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2009

Keywords

  • ADH-1
  • Limb infusion
  • Melanoma
  • Regional chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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