A Pilot Survey: Knowledge of Charcot Neuroarthropathy Among Family and Internal Medicine Practitioners

Joshua Bilello, Daniel C. Jupiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Charcot neuroarthropathy secondary to diabetes mellitus is a serious complication, requiring specialist management. As a relatively rare pathology bearing similarity to other, more common diseases, it may be misdiagnosed at initial presentation, potentially leading to delays in appropriate management. We conducted a 2-part online survey of primary care physicians within an academic medical institution to assess knowledge of presentation, complications, diagnosis, and treatment of Charcot neuropathy. The first section was designed to assess physician knowledge of Charcot foot, while the second section was completed only by physicians who were familiar with the condition and was designed to gauge their level of knowledge. Most clinicians were familiar with Charcot, encountering it at least annually. They identified common signs of Charcot (eg, swelling, pain) and complications due to its mismanagement (eg, ulcer, amputation). However, there was some disagreement on how to diagnose the pathology, with some relying on film, others referring to specialists, and some saying they were unsure. There was uncertainty on when to choose surgical options; fewer than half referred to specialists for help with this decision, and a quarter were unsure how to make the decision. While, in general, clinicians were aware of Charcot and its characteristics, there was confusion regarding how to diagnose or appropriate nonsurgical treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1204-1206
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

Keywords

  • 4
  • Charcot foot
  • delayed diagnosis
  • misdiagnosis
  • primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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