A population-based survey of the prevalence and types of glaucoma in central Iran: The Yazd eye study

Mohammad Pakravan, Shahin Yazdani, Mohammad Ali Javadi, Heidar Amini, Zohreh Behroozi, Hossein Ziaei, Marzieh Katibeh, Reza Solaimanizad, Elham Ghahari, Mehdi Yaseri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the prevalence and types of glaucoma in Yazd, central Iran. Design: Population-based, cross-sectional study. Participants: Iranian adults aged 40 to 80 years, residing in Yazd, Iran, in 2010 and 2011. Methods: Eligible samples were selected using cluster random sampling. Each participant underwent an interview and ophthalmologic examinations, including refraction, determination of uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, Goldmann applanation tonometry, gonioscopy, dilated fundus examination, central corneal thickness measurement, visual field testing, and stereoscopic fundus photography. Main Outcome Measures: Prevalence of different types of glaucoma. Results: Of 2320 eligible individuals, 2098 (response rate, 90.4%) participated in the study and 1990 completed all evaluations for glaucoma diagnosis. Overall, 47 persons (2.4%) were categorized with ocular hypertension, 32 persons (1.6%) were categorized with primary angle-closure suspect (PACS), and 16 persons (0.8%) were categorized with primary angle closure (PAC). The total number of subjects with glaucoma was 87 (4.4%; 95% confidence interval, 3.3-5.4), consisting of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG, 3.2%, including high-tension glaucoma [1.7%] and normal-tension glaucoma [NTG], 1.5%]), primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG, 0.4%), pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (0.4%), and other secondary glaucomas (0.4%). The mean age of subjects with glaucoma was 63.3±11 years, and 57.5% of them were female. Seventy-eight individuals (89.7%) were unaware of their disease. Positive family history of glaucoma was present in 6.9% of glaucoma subjects. Conclusions: The prevalence of glaucoma in Yazd (4.4%) is comparable to that in other population-based studies in Asia, with POAG accounting for the majority of cases. Most affected subjects were unaware of their disease. Financial Disclosure(s): The author(s) have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1977-1984
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmology
Volume120
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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