A prospective study of two dosing regimens of oxytocin for the induction of labor in patients with unfavorable cervices

Andrew J. Satin, Gary D.V. Hankins, Edward R. Yeomans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ideal regimen for induction of labor with oxytocin with respect to the magnitude and frequency of dosage changes has not been defined. In spite of few data regarding labor induction with an unfavorable cervix, the initial dose recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists is lower than that of other commonly used protocols. Eighty patients with unfavorable cervices and unruptured membranes, without evidence of labor, were randomized to one of two protocols and met criteria for data analysis. Patients in both protocols were given an initial dose of oxytocin of 2 mU/min. Patients in protocol A (n = 32) then received incremental increases of oxytocin of 1 mU/min at 30-minute intervals, while those in protocol B (n = 48) received incremental increases of 2 mU/min at 15-minute intervals. Induction failures were higher among patients on protocol A (31% vs 8%, p < 0.05). Patients on protocol B had shorter times to delivery (mean = 10 hours 57 minutes vs 8 hours 3 minutes; p < 0.05). The number of operative deliveries were similar regardless of protocol. There were no significant differences (p = NS) among groups and protocols in maternal and fetal complications, cesarean section rate, and uterine hyperstimulation. In this population a more aggressive protocol may lead to fewer induction failures and shorter induction-to-delivery intervals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)980-984
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume165
Issue number4 PART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1991

Keywords

  • Oxytocin
  • induction of labor
  • unfavorable cervix

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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