A randomized controlled trial of behavior change counseling education for medical students

John J. Spollen, Carol R. Thrush, Dan Vy Mui, Majka B. Woods, Sara G. Tariq, Elizabeth Hicks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Educating medical students about how to effectively counsel patients with negative health behaviors (i.e., lack of exercise, smoking) is vitally important. Behavior change counseling is a promising method that can be used by physicians to encourage positive changes in health behaviors. Purpose: To examine the effectiveness of a 2 h workshop in behavior change counseling for medical students. Methods: This study used a prepost control group design with 35 second-year medical students who were randomly assigned to participate in a behavior change counseling intervention or wait-list control group. Student knowledge and attitudes were assessed using multiple choice items and open-ended question prompts. Student skills were assessed via performance in a standardized patient encounter rated using the Behavior Change Counseling Index (BECCI). Results: Student attitudes toward behavior change counseling were positive at both pre- and post-test assessment in both groups. Knowledge scores and BECCI total scores showed significantly greater improvement in the intervention group compared to the wait-list control group. Conclusions: This study found that a brief educational intervention had a positive impact on medical students' knowledge and skills in behavior change counseling, and that student attitudes about the counseling method were very positive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMedical Teacher
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

education counseling
Medical Students
medical student
Counseling
counseling
Randomized Controlled Trials
Education
Students
Health Behavior
health behavior
Group
Control Groups
student
smoking
Smoking
physician
Exercise
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Spollen, J. J., Thrush, C. R., Mui, D. V., Woods, M. B., Tariq, S. G., & Hicks, E. (2010). A randomized controlled trial of behavior change counseling education for medical students. Medical Teacher, 32(4). https://doi.org/10.3109/01421590903514614

A randomized controlled trial of behavior change counseling education for medical students. / Spollen, John J.; Thrush, Carol R.; Mui, Dan Vy; Woods, Majka B.; Tariq, Sara G.; Hicks, Elizabeth.

In: Medical Teacher, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spollen, John J. ; Thrush, Carol R. ; Mui, Dan Vy ; Woods, Majka B. ; Tariq, Sara G. ; Hicks, Elizabeth. / A randomized controlled trial of behavior change counseling education for medical students. In: Medical Teacher. 2010 ; Vol. 32, No. 4.
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