A real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for detection and quantification of vesiculovirus

Aline Lavado Tolardo, William Marciel de Souza, Marilia Farignoli Romeiro, Luiz Carlos Vieira, Luciano Kleber de Souza Luna, Dyana Alves Henriques, Jansen de Araujo, Carlos Eduardo Hassegawa Siqueira, Tatiana Elias Colombo, Victor Hugo Aquino, Benedito Antonio Lopes da Fonseca, Roberta Vieira de Morais Bronzoni, Maurício Lacerda Nogueira, Edison Luiz Durigon, Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vesiculoviruses (VSV) are zoonotic viruses that cause vesicular stomatitis disease in cattle, horses and pigs, as well as sporadic human cases of acute febrile illness. Therefore, diagnosis of VSV infections by reliable laboratory techniques is important to allow a proper case management and implementation of strategies for the containment of virus spread. We show here a sensitive and reproducible real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for detection and quantification of VSV. The assay was evaluated with arthropods and serum samples obtained from horses, cattle and patients with acute febrile disease. The real-time RT-PCR amplified the Piry, Carajas, Alagoas and Indiana Vesiculovirus at a melting temperature 81.02 ± 0.8°C, and the sensitivity of assay was estimated in 10 RNA copies/mL to the Piry Vesiculovirus. The viral genome has been detected in samples of horses and cattle, but not detected in human sera or arthropods. Thus, this assay allows a preliminary differential diagnosis of VSV infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-390
Number of pages6
JournalMemorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Volume111
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diagnosis of vesicular stomatitis
  • Quantitative real-time RT-PCR
  • Vesiculovirus
  • Zoonotic virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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