Different therapies that effect wound repair have been proposed over the last few decades. This article reviews the emerging fields of gene and stem cell therapy in wound healing. Gene therapy, initially developed for treatment of congenital defects, is a new option for enhancing wound repair. In order to accelerate wound closure, genes encoding for growth factors or cytokines showed the greatest potential. The majority of gene delivery systems are based on viral transfection, naked DNA application, high pressure injection, or liposomal vectors. Embryonic and adult stem cells have a prolonged self-renewal capacity with the ability to differentiate into various tissue types. A variety of sources, such as bone marrow, peripheral blood, umbilical cord blood, adipose tissue, skin and hair follicles, have been utilized to isolate stem cells to accelerate the healing response of acute and chronic wounds. Recently, the combination of gene and stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising approach for treatment of chronic and acute wounds.
- Cutaneous stem cells
- Growth factors
- Non-viral gene therapy
- Umbilical cord derived stem cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine