A review of the tragal pointer: Anatomy and its importance as a landmark in surgical procedures

M. A. Muhleman, C. T. Wartmann, R. Hage, P. Matusz, Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja, R. S. Tubbs, M. Loukas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The tragal pointer has long been used as a surgical landmark for the identification of the facial nerve trunk and the maxillary artery in such procedures as parotidectomy, internal fixation of subcondylar and condylar fractures, mandibular osteotomy, temporomandibular joint arthroplasty, and percutaneous blocks of branches of the trigeminal nerve and pterygopalatine ganglion. Aside from its use as an external landmark, it has also been implicated as a contributor to crease formation in the presence of peripheral arterial disease. This article will review the available literature on the tragal pointer's use as an external landmark.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalFolia Morphologica (Poland)
Volume71
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 27 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anterior tragal crease
  • Facial nerve trunk
  • Landmarks
  • Maxillary artery
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Tragal pointer
  • Tragus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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    Muhleman, M. A., Wartmann, C. T., Hage, R., Matusz, P., Mohajel Shoja, M., Tubbs, R. S., & Loukas, M. (2012). A review of the tragal pointer: Anatomy and its importance as a landmark in surgical procedures. Folia Morphologica (Poland), 71(2), 59-64.