A role for a new vascular enzyme in the metabolism of xenobiotic amines

P. J. Boor, R. M. Hysmith, R. Sanduja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although it has long been thought that environmental toxins may play an underlying role in vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, this concept is not supported by any clear-cut experimental evidence of toxic metabolism by cardiovascular enzymes. In this study, we demonstrate that allylamine, a selective cardiovascular toxin in vivo, is actively metabolized in vitro by a purified vascular enzyme (semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase), which has been localized recently to vascular smooth muscle cells. Oxidative deamination of allylamine to a highly toxic aldehyde, acrolein, was blocked through enzyme inhibition by semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase inhibitors, which obviate allylamine's in vivo toxic manifestations. This unique demonstration of metabolism of a known in vivo cardiovascular toxin by semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase suggests that this vascular enzyme's physiological role may include metabolism of exogenous amines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-252
Number of pages4
JournalCirculation Research
Volume66
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Allylamine
Xenobiotics
Amine Oxidase (Copper-Containing)
Amines
Blood Vessels
Poisons
Enzymes
Acrolein
Deamination
Vascular Diseases
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Aldehydes
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Atherosclerosis

Keywords

  • acrolein
  • allylamine
  • semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase
  • vascular metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Boor, P. J., Hysmith, R. M., & Sanduja, R. (1990). A role for a new vascular enzyme in the metabolism of xenobiotic amines. Circulation Research, 66(1), 249-252.

A role for a new vascular enzyme in the metabolism of xenobiotic amines. / Boor, P. J.; Hysmith, R. M.; Sanduja, R.

In: Circulation Research, Vol. 66, No. 1, 1990, p. 249-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Boor, PJ, Hysmith, RM & Sanduja, R 1990, 'A role for a new vascular enzyme in the metabolism of xenobiotic amines', Circulation Research, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 249-252.
Boor, P. J. ; Hysmith, R. M. ; Sanduja, R. / A role for a new vascular enzyme in the metabolism of xenobiotic amines. In: Circulation Research. 1990 ; Vol. 66, No. 1. pp. 249-252.
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