A single bout of resistance exercise does not promote excess postexercise energy expenditure in untrained young men with a family history of diabetes

Jean Gutierrez, Andrei Gribok, William Rumpler, Avinash Chandran, Loretta DiPietro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: People with a family history of type 2 diabetes have lower energy expenditure (EE) and more obesity than those having no such family history. Resistance exercise (RE) may induce excess postexercise energy expenditure (EPEE) and reduce long-term risk for obesity in this susceptible group. Purpose: To determine the effect of RE on EPEE for 15 hr after a single exercise bout in healthy, untrained young men having a family history of type 2 diabetes. Design: Seven untrained men (23 ± 1.2 years, BMI 24 ± 1.1) completed a 48-hr protocol in a whole room calorimeter. The first day served as a control day, with a moderate 40-min RE bout occurring on the second day. Differences in postexercise EE were compared with matched periods from the control day for cumulative 15-min intervals (up to 150 min) and 15 hr after the RE bout was completed. Results: The most robust difference in EPEE between the experimental and control days was observed in the first 15-min postexercise period (M = 1.4Kcal/min; SD = 0.7; p < .05). No statistically significant differences in EPEE were noted beyond 90-min of continuous measurement. Conclusions: Young people with a family history of type 2 diabetes may not show EPEE after a single RE bout when observed for 15 hr after RE and long-term resistance training may be required to promote EPEE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-26
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

Keywords

  • EPEE
  • EPOC
  • Metabolism
  • Oxygen consumption
  • Resistance training
  • Strength training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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