A single bout of resistance exercise does not promote excess postexercise energy expenditure in untrained young men with a family history of diabetes

Jean Gutierrez, Andrei Gribok, William Rumpler, Avinash Chandran, Loretta DiPietro

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background: People with a family history of type 2 diabetes have lower energy expenditure (EE) and more obesity than those having no such family history. Resistance exercise (RE) may induce excess postexercise energy expenditure (EPEE) and reduce long-term risk for obesity in this susceptible group. Purpose: To determine the effect of RE on EPEE for 15 hr after a single exercise bout in healthy, untrained young men having a family history of type 2 diabetes. Design: Seven untrained men (23 ± 1.2 years, BMI 24 ± 1.1) completed a 48-hr protocol in a whole room calorimeter. The first day served as a control day, with a moderate 40-min RE bout occurring on the second day. Differences in postexercise EE were compared with matched periods from the control day for cumulative 15-min intervals (up to 150 min) and 15 hr after the RE bout was completed. Results: The most robust difference in EPEE between the experimental and control days was observed in the first 15-min postexercise period (M = 1.4Kcal/min; SD = 0.7; p < .05). No statistically significant differences in EPEE were noted beyond 90-min of continuous measurement. Conclusions: Young people with a family history of type 2 diabetes may not show EPEE after a single RE bout when observed for 15 hr after RE and long-term resistance training may be required to promote EPEE.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)20-26
    Number of pages7
    JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
    Volume25
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

    Keywords

    • EPEE
    • EPOC
    • Metabolism
    • Oxygen consumption
    • Resistance training
    • Strength training

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (miscellaneous)
    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
    • Nutrition and Dietetics

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