A single-shot ChAd3-MARV vaccine confers rapid and durable protection against Marburg virus in nonhuman primates

Ruth Hunegnaw, Anna N. Honko, Lingshu Wang, Derick Carr, Tamar Murray, Wei Shi, Lam Nguyen, Nadia Storm, Caitlyn N.M. Dulan, Kathryn E. Foulds, Krystle N. Agans, Robert Cross, Joan B. Geisbert, Cheng Cheng, Aurélie Ploquin, Daphne A. Stanley, Thomas W. Geisbert, Gary J. Nabel, Nancy J. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Marburg virus (MARV) causes a severe hemorrhagic fever disease in primates with mortality rates in humans of up to 90%. MARV has been identified as a category A bioterrorism agent by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and priority pathogen A by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), needing urgent research and development of countermeasures because of the high public health risk it poses. The recent cases of MARV in West Africa underscore the substantial outbreak potential of this virus. The potential for cross-border spread, as had occurred during the 2014-2016 Ebola virus outbreak, illustrates the critical need for MARV vaccines. To support regulatory approval of the chimpanzee adenovirus 3 (ChAd3)-MARV vaccine that has completed phase 1 trials, we showed that the nonreplicating ChAd3 vector, which has a demonstrated safety profile in humans, protected against a uniformly lethal challenge with MARV/Ang. Protective immunity was achieved within 7 days of vaccination and was maintained through 1 year after vaccination. Antigen-specific antibodies were an immune correlate of protection in the acute challenge model, and their concentration was predictive of protection. These results demonstrate that a single-shot ChAd3-MARV vaccine generated a protective immune response that was both rapid and durable with an immune correlate of protection that will support advanced clinical development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereabq6364
JournalScience Translational Medicine
Volume14
Issue number675
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 14 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A single-shot ChAd3-MARV vaccine confers rapid and durable protection against Marburg virus in nonhuman primates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this