A Systematic Review of Current Surgical Interventions for Charcot Neuroarthropathy of the Midfoot

Pejma Shazadeh Safavi, Daniel Jupiter, Vinod Panchbhavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot, or Charcot foot, is a pathologic entity of the foot, associated with diabetes mellitus. Owing to the increase of diabetes mellitus in developed nations worldwide, the prevalence of Charcot foot has been increasing. The initial treatment of Charcot foot is often conservative, with methods including bracing, casting, and the use of customized orthopedic shoes. However, many cases of Charcot foot eventually require surgery, because the consequent destabilization of the foot associated with bone, joint, and nerve injury due to the pathology eventually leave patients unable to walk independently. The present systematic review analyzed the published data regarding surgical interventions for midfoot Charcot deformities and estimated the rates of common complications occurring with the surgical modalities studied. The main outcomes of interest analyzed in the present study were postoperative amputation and bony fusion. The included cohort of patients with Charcot foot was very heterogeneous in terms of the demographic and comorbid characteristics. However, even with this heterogeneity, the present study should provide useful information to surgeons in terms of the outcomes after some of the common surgical procedures for midfoot Charcot.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Foot
Diabetes Mellitus
Shoes
Amputation
Developed Countries
Orthopedics
Joints
Demography
Pathology
Bone and Bones
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Charcot's disease
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetic foot
  • Midfoot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

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title = "A Systematic Review of Current Surgical Interventions for Charcot Neuroarthropathy of the Midfoot",
abstract = "Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot, or Charcot foot, is a pathologic entity of the foot, associated with diabetes mellitus. Owing to the increase of diabetes mellitus in developed nations worldwide, the prevalence of Charcot foot has been increasing. The initial treatment of Charcot foot is often conservative, with methods including bracing, casting, and the use of customized orthopedic shoes. However, many cases of Charcot foot eventually require surgery, because the consequent destabilization of the foot associated with bone, joint, and nerve injury due to the pathology eventually leave patients unable to walk independently. The present systematic review analyzed the published data regarding surgical interventions for midfoot Charcot deformities and estimated the rates of common complications occurring with the surgical modalities studied. The main outcomes of interest analyzed in the present study were postoperative amputation and bony fusion. The included cohort of patients with Charcot foot was very heterogeneous in terms of the demographic and comorbid characteristics. However, even with this heterogeneity, the present study should provide useful information to surgeons in terms of the outcomes after some of the common surgical procedures for midfoot Charcot.",
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N2 - Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot, or Charcot foot, is a pathologic entity of the foot, associated with diabetes mellitus. Owing to the increase of diabetes mellitus in developed nations worldwide, the prevalence of Charcot foot has been increasing. The initial treatment of Charcot foot is often conservative, with methods including bracing, casting, and the use of customized orthopedic shoes. However, many cases of Charcot foot eventually require surgery, because the consequent destabilization of the foot associated with bone, joint, and nerve injury due to the pathology eventually leave patients unable to walk independently. The present systematic review analyzed the published data regarding surgical interventions for midfoot Charcot deformities and estimated the rates of common complications occurring with the surgical modalities studied. The main outcomes of interest analyzed in the present study were postoperative amputation and bony fusion. The included cohort of patients with Charcot foot was very heterogeneous in terms of the demographic and comorbid characteristics. However, even with this heterogeneity, the present study should provide useful information to surgeons in terms of the outcomes after some of the common surgical procedures for midfoot Charcot.

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