A Systematic Review of Ion Radiotherapy in Maintaining Local Control Regarding Atypical and Anaplastic Meningiomas

William S. Coggins, Nguyen K. Pham, Anthony V. Nguyen, Daniel W. Branch, June Y. Guillet, Genevieve Korst, Rishi R. Lall

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Objective: Atypical and anaplastic meningiomas, unlike their benign counterparts, are highly aggressive, locally destructive, and likely to recur after treatment. These diseases are difficult to definitively treat with traditional radiotherapy without injuring adjacent brain parenchyma. The physical properties of ion radiotherapy allows for treatment plans that avoid damaging critical neural structures. The objectives of this systematic review were to evaluate the use and efficacy of ion radiotherapy in the treatment of atypical and anaplastic meningiomas. Methods: We performed a systematic review of the literature by querying the PubMed and Ovid databases to identify and examine literature addressing the efficacy of ion radiotherapy in maintaining long-term local tumor control for patients with atypical or anaplastic meningiomas. The outcome of interest was rate of local tumor control at 5 years after ion radiotherapy. Results: Across the included studies, proton therapy delivered a mean local control rate of 59.62% after 5 years. Carbon ion radiotherapy studies showed local control rates of 95% and 63% at 2 years for grade II and III meningiomas, respectively. In contrast, carbon ion radiotherapy studies that failed to differentiate between atypical and anaplastic meningiomas produced a local control rate of 33% at 2 years. Conclusions: Proton and carbon ion radiotherapy maintain comparable rates of local control to conventional photon therapy and allow for more targeted treatment plans that may limit excess radiation damage. Although additional prospective trials are needed, ion therapy represents a burgeoning field in the treatment of atypical and anaplastic meningiomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-291
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume132
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Anaplastic meningioma
  • Atypical meningioma
  • Carbon ion therapy
  • Ion radiotherapy
  • Meningioma
  • Proton beam therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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