A telehealth intervention to increase patient preparedness for surgery: a randomized trial

Gabriela E. Halder, Amanda B. White, Heidi W. Brown, Lauren Caldwell, Michelle L. Wright, Dobie L. Giles, Christine A. Heisler, Daksha Bilagi, Rebecca G. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: Methods to increase surgical preparedness in urogynecology are lacking. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of a preoperative provider-initiated telehealth call on surgical preparedness. Methods: This was a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Women undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse and/or stress urinary incontinence were randomized to either a telehealth call 3 (± 2) days before surgery plus usual preoperative counseling versus usual preoperative counseling alone. Our primary outcome was surgical preparedness, as measured by the Preoperative Prepardeness Questionnaire. The Modified Surgical Pain Scale, Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20, Patient Global Impressions of Improvement, Patient Global Impressions of Severity, Satisfaction with Decision Scale, Decision Regret Scale, and Clavien–Dindo scores were obtained at 4–8 weeks postoperatively and comparisons were made between groups. Results: Mean telehealth call time was 11.1 ± 4.11 min. Women who received a preoperative telehealth call (n = 63) were significantly more prepared for surgery than those who received usual preoperative counseling alone (n = 69); 82.5 vs 59.4%, p < 0.01). A preoperative telehealth call was associated with greater understanding of surgical alternatives (77.8 vs 59.4%, p = 0.03), complications (69.8 vs 47.8%, p = 0.01), hospital-based catheter care (54 vs 34.8%, p = 0.04) and patient perception that nurses and doctors had spent enough time preparing them for their upcoming surgery (84.1 vs 60.9%, p < 0.01). At 4–8 weeks, no differences in postoperative and patient reported outcomes were observed between groups (all p > 0.05). Conclusions: A short preoperative telehealth call improves patient preparedness for urogynecological surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-93
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Counseling
  • Preoperative care
  • Surgery
  • Telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

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