Oxygen therapy is one of the most important therapeutics offered in the clinical management of pediatric patients with cardiopulmonary disease. As the medical community seeks to ensure evidence-based management of clinical interventions, we conducted a systematic review with the goal of providing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines to answer questions surrounding the use of simple oxygen therapy to improve oxygenation, including a comparison of delivery devices, the efficacy of humidification, comparison of flows, and goals for use in children. Using a modification of the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method, we developed 4 recommendations to assist clinicians in the utilization of oxygen therapy in hospitalized children: (1) the use of an oxygen hood or tent in lieu of a low-flow oxygen device for consistent oxygen delivery is not recommended; (2) the use of high-flow nasal cannula therapy is safe and more effective than low-flow oxygen to treat infants with moderate to severe bronchiolitis; (3) the application of humidification with low-flow oxygen delivery is not recommended; (4) targeting SpO2 90–97% for infants and children with bronchiolitis is recommended; however, no specific target can be recommended for pediatric patients with respiratory diseases outside of bronchiolitis, and establishing a patient/disease oxygen therapy target upon admission is considered best practice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine