Acetylome study in mouse adipocytes identifies targets of SIRT1 deacetylation in chromatin organization and RNA processing

Sun Yee Kim, Choon Kiat Sim, Hui Tang, Weiping Han, Kangling Zhang, Feng Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

SIRT1 is a key protein deacetylase that regulates cellular metabolism through lysine deacetylation on both histones and non-histone proteins. Lysine acetylation is a wide-spread post-translational modification found on many regulatory proteins and it plays an essential role in cell signaling, transcription and metabolism. In mice, SIRT1 has known protective functions during high-fat diet but the acetylome regulated by SIRT1 in adipocytes is not completely understood. Here we conducted acetylome analyses in murine adipocytes treated with small-molecule modulators that inhibit or activate the deacetylase activity of SIRT1. We identified a total of 302 acetylated peptides from 78 proteins in this study. From the list of potential SIRT1 targets, we selected seven candidates and further verified that six of them can be deacetylated by SIRT1 in-vitro. Among them, half of the SIRT1 targets are involved in regulating chromatin structure and the other half is involved in RNA processing. Our results provide a resource for further SIRT1 target validation in fat cells and suggest a potential role of SIRT1 in the regulation of chromatin structure and RNA processing, which may possibly extend to other cell types as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume598
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2016

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Keywords

  • Chromatin structure
  • Mouse adipocyte
  • Protein deacetylation
  • RNA processing
  • SIRT1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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