Activator protein 2α suppresses intestinal tumorigenesis in the Apcmin mouse

Qingjie Li, Christiane V. Löhr, Roderick H. Dashwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activator protein 2α (AP-2α) is a putative tumor suppressor, and various reports have described the loss or reduction of AP-2α expression in cutaneous malignant melanomas, as well as in cancers of the prostate, breast and colon. Previously, AP-2α was shown to attenuate β-catenin/T-cell factor-4 (TCF-4) nuclear interactions and β-catenin/TCF-4-dependent transcriptional activity in human colorectal cancer cells [Q. Li, R.H. Dashwood, Activator protein 2alpha associates with adenomatous polyposis coli/beta-catenin and Inhibits beta-catenin/T-cell factor transcriptional activity in colorectal cancer cells, J. Biol. Chem. 279 (2004) 45669-45675]. Here, we show that in vivo gene delivery of AP-2α suppressed intestinal polyp formation in the Apcmin mouse, and protected against the development of anemia and splenomegaly. Immunoblot analyses and immunohistochemistry following gene delivery revealed an increase in AP-2α expression in the mouse intestinal mucosa and liver. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments provided evidence for interactions between AP-2α, β-catenin, and adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) proteins in mouse intestinal mucosa, as well as in a primary human colorectal cancer. Collectively, these studies support a tumor suppressor role for AP-2α in the gastrointestinal tract, and suggest that AP-2α represents a novel target for therapeutic intervention in human cancers characterized by dysregulated Wnt signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Letters
Volume283
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 28 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • AP-2α
  • APC
  • Cancer therapeutics
  • Wnt signaling
  • β-Catenin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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