Purpose: The present study was intended to investigate whether monocyte immune activation shapes plasma positive to negative acute phase reactants (APRs) ratio and predicts disease severity in dengue infection. Methods: Serum level of ferritin, ceruloplasmin and transferrin was measured by means of electrochemiluminescence and immunoturbidimetry, respectively. Gene expression and plasma level for TNF-α, IL-6 and IL1-β was measured by means of RT-qPCR and ELISA. Results: A significant increased serum ferritin to transferrin [6.6 (3–11.7) vs 3.4 (1.9–6.1)] and ceruloplasmin to transferrin ratio [0.48 (0.21–0.87) vs 0.22 (0.13–0.43)] has been detected among the subjects with secondary dengue infection (SDENI) compared to primarily infected (PDENI) subjects (P < 0.001). Significant increased expression for CD14+ monocyte TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β has been detected in SDENI patients (vs PDENI and control, P < 0.001). Plasma ferritin to transferrin ratio was found in a significant association with high level of plasma TNF-α [ρ = 0.6522, 95% CI (0.4714–0.7805)], IL-6 [ρ = 0.6181, 95% CI (0.4257–0.7571)] and IL- 1β [ρ = 0.4119, 95% CI (0.1689–0.6077)] level among SDENI patients at 5th day time point after progression of the disease, with significantly low platelet [P < 0.001] and prolonging prothrombin time [P < 0.001] compared to control and PDENI subjects, respectively. Conclusion: Acute proinflammatory cytokine response is significantly associated with increased positive to negative APRs ratio in SDENI patients, which predicts intense immune activation, and renders SDENI patients extremely susceptible to hemostatic derangement.
- Negative acute phase reactants
- Positive acute phase reactants
- Proinflammatory cytokine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Molecular Biology