Acute respiratory distress syndrome from chlorine inhalation during a swimming pool accident: A case report and review of the literature

Rajesh V. Babu, Victor Cardenas, Gulshan Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chlorine inhalation can result in significant morbidity and mortality. The most common clinical ramification is mucosal irritation. Rarely, depending upon the degree of exposure, patients can develop acute respiratory distress syndrome. Management is usually supportive with an unproven role for inhaled or systemic corticosteroids. A case of a young woman who developed respiratory failure secondary to acute respiratory distress syndrome from accidental exposure to chlorine fumes at a community swimming pool is described. The patient suffered a prolonged hospitalization with the need for mechanical ventilation. Despite limited data to support the decision, the patient was started on treatment with corticosteroids. She recovered completely from her illness and was discharged home without supplemental oxygen. A concise discussion of chlorine inhalation injury and a literature review on the utility of inhaled and/or systemic corticosteroids for this clinical entity is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-280
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Intensive Care Medicine
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Keywords

  • Acute inhalation injury
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Chlorine
  • Corticosteroids
  • Respiratory failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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