Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Pregnancy: Updates in Principles and Practice

Abigail Watts, Alexander G. Duarte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Acute respiratory failure occurs in 0.05% to 0.3% of pregnancies and is precipitated by pulmonary and nonpulmonary insults. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the rapid onset of hypoxemic respiratory failure associated with bilateral pulmonary opacities on chest imaging attributed to noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. The pathophysiological features of ARDS include hypoxemia, diminished lung volumes, and decreased lung compliance. While there is a paucity of data concerning ARDS in the pregnant individual, management principles do not vary significantly between pregnant and nonpregnant patients. The following review will discuss the diagnosis and management of the pregnant patient with ARDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-222
Number of pages15
JournalClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023


  • acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • acute respiratory failure
  • pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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