Adolescent Bariatric Surgery: Effects of Socioeconomic, Demographic, and Hospital Characteristics on Cost, Length of Stay, and Type of Procedure Performed

Claire B. Cummins, Omar Nunez Lopez, Byron D. Hughes, Deepak Adhikari, Christopher A. Guidry, Samantha Stubbs, Ravi S. Radhakrishnan, Kanika A. Bowen-Jallow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Despite the efficacy of bariatric surgery in adolescents and the increasing rates of adolescent obesity, the use of bariatric surgery remains low. Treatment cost and length of stay (LOS) could be influencing the utilization of bariatric surgery. Methods: We used the Kids’ Inpatient Database (KID) from 2006, 2009, and 2012. Adolescents with a primary diagnosis of obesity who underwent bariatric surgery were included. Multinomial logistic and linear regression modeling was used to determine the association of the predictor variables with type of procedure and treatment cost and LOS, respectively. Results: We identified 1799 adolescents who underwent bariatric surgery. The majority of the subjects were female (77%) and White (60%). The most commonly performed procedure was Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (56%). Race, region, hospital teaching status, and hospital ownership affected the type of procedure performed. Self-pay patients were less likely to undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) than sleeve gastrectomy (SG) when compared to patients with private insurance. Teaching hospitals were less likely to perform RYGB or AGB than SG when compared to non-teaching hospitals. Treatment cost was significantly affected by income, teaching hospital status, hospital size, and surgery type. LOS was affected by income quartile, region, and surgery type. Conclusion: Socioeconomic and demographic factors as well as hospital characteristics affect not only the LOS and treatment cost, but also the type of bariatric surgery performed in adolescents. Identifying and understanding the factors influencing procedure choice, treatment cost, and LOS can improve care and healthcare resource utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)757-764
Number of pages8
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescent obesity
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Childhood obesity
  • Length of stay
  • Treatment cost

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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