Learning Objectives: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. summarize the evolution of perforator, chimeric, and free style flaps; 2. define and give examples of supermicrosurgery as well as understand its application in treatment of lymphedema; and 3. appreciate the development and advancements of composite tissue allotransplantation. Summary: Although microsurgery may seem like a highly specialized niche within plastic surgery, it is more than just a discipline that focuses on small anastomoses. It is a tool and a way of thinking that allows us to embody the true tenets of plastic surgery, as quoted by Tagliocozzi. What began as a challenge of returning amputated tissue to the body and achieving wound closure has evolved into a refinement of technique and change in philosophy that empowers the plastic surgeon to work creatively to "restore, rebuild, and make whole.".
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