Aerobic Capacity After Traumatic Brain Injury

Comparison With a Nondisabled Cohort

Kurt A. Mossberg, Danielle Ayala, Tracey Baker, Justin Heard, Brent Masel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    49 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Mossberg KA, Ayala D, Baker T, Heard J, Masel B. Aerobic capacity after traumatic brain injury: comparison with a nondisabled cohort. Objective: To compare aerobic capacity of people recovering from traumatic brain injury (TBI) with an age- and sex-matched group of nondisabled sedentary people. Design: Descriptive comparative study of peak and submaximal physiologic responses. Setting: Residential postacute treatment center. Participants: Convenience sample of 13 people with TBI and 13 age- and sex-matched nondisabled subjects. All subjects could walk 5.3kph (3.3mph), follow 2-step commands, and comply with testing using the gas collection apparatus. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Subjects performed a graded maximal treadmill test during which heart rate, minute ventilation (V̇e), oxygen consumption (V̇o2), carbon dioxide production, and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) were measured every minute until exhaustion. Ventilatory equivalents for oxygen (V̇e/V̇o2) and oxygen pulse were calculated. Results: Subjects recovering from TBI had significantly lower peak responses for heart rate, Vo2, Ve, and oxygen pulse TBI (P<.01). Peak RER and Ve/Vo2 were similar. There were significant differences in submaximal responses for V̇e/V̇o2 and oxygen pulse. Conclusions: Patients with TBI were significantly more deconditioned than a comparable group of sedentary people without disability. Participation in cardiorespiratory fitness programs after TBI should be encouraged to prevent secondary disability.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)315-320
    Number of pages6
    JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    Volume88
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 2007

    Fingerprint

    Ventilation
    Oxygen
    Heart Rate
    Residential Treatment
    Traumatic Brain Injury
    Exercise Test
    Carbon Dioxide
    Oxygen Consumption
    Research Design
    Gases
    Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

    Keywords

    • Brain injuries
    • Head injuries, closed
    • Physical endurance
    • Rehabilitation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Rehabilitation

    Cite this

    Aerobic Capacity After Traumatic Brain Injury : Comparison With a Nondisabled Cohort. / Mossberg, Kurt A.; Ayala, Danielle; Baker, Tracey; Heard, Justin; Masel, Brent.

    In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 88, No. 3, 03.2007, p. 315-320.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Mossberg, Kurt A. ; Ayala, Danielle ; Baker, Tracey ; Heard, Justin ; Masel, Brent. / Aerobic Capacity After Traumatic Brain Injury : Comparison With a Nondisabled Cohort. In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2007 ; Vol. 88, No. 3. pp. 315-320.
    @article{75712a3531f74709b76aca59b08567ff,
    title = "Aerobic Capacity After Traumatic Brain Injury: Comparison With a Nondisabled Cohort",
    abstract = "Mossberg KA, Ayala D, Baker T, Heard J, Masel B. Aerobic capacity after traumatic brain injury: comparison with a nondisabled cohort. Objective: To compare aerobic capacity of people recovering from traumatic brain injury (TBI) with an age- and sex-matched group of nondisabled sedentary people. Design: Descriptive comparative study of peak and submaximal physiologic responses. Setting: Residential postacute treatment center. Participants: Convenience sample of 13 people with TBI and 13 age- and sex-matched nondisabled subjects. All subjects could walk 5.3kph (3.3mph), follow 2-step commands, and comply with testing using the gas collection apparatus. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Subjects performed a graded maximal treadmill test during which heart rate, minute ventilation (V̇e), oxygen consumption (V̇o2), carbon dioxide production, and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) were measured every minute until exhaustion. Ventilatory equivalents for oxygen (V̇e/V̇o2) and oxygen pulse were calculated. Results: Subjects recovering from TBI had significantly lower peak responses for heart rate, Vo2, Ve, and oxygen pulse TBI (P<.01). Peak RER and Ve/Vo2 were similar. There were significant differences in submaximal responses for V̇e/V̇o2 and oxygen pulse. Conclusions: Patients with TBI were significantly more deconditioned than a comparable group of sedentary people without disability. Participation in cardiorespiratory fitness programs after TBI should be encouraged to prevent secondary disability.",
    keywords = "Brain injuries, Head injuries, closed, Physical endurance, Rehabilitation",
    author = "Mossberg, {Kurt A.} and Danielle Ayala and Tracey Baker and Justin Heard and Brent Masel",
    year = "2007",
    month = "3",
    doi = "10.1016/j.apmr.2006.12.006",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "88",
    pages = "315--320",
    journal = "Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation",
    issn = "0003-9993",
    publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Aerobic Capacity After Traumatic Brain Injury

    T2 - Comparison With a Nondisabled Cohort

    AU - Mossberg, Kurt A.

    AU - Ayala, Danielle

    AU - Baker, Tracey

    AU - Heard, Justin

    AU - Masel, Brent

    PY - 2007/3

    Y1 - 2007/3

    N2 - Mossberg KA, Ayala D, Baker T, Heard J, Masel B. Aerobic capacity after traumatic brain injury: comparison with a nondisabled cohort. Objective: To compare aerobic capacity of people recovering from traumatic brain injury (TBI) with an age- and sex-matched group of nondisabled sedentary people. Design: Descriptive comparative study of peak and submaximal physiologic responses. Setting: Residential postacute treatment center. Participants: Convenience sample of 13 people with TBI and 13 age- and sex-matched nondisabled subjects. All subjects could walk 5.3kph (3.3mph), follow 2-step commands, and comply with testing using the gas collection apparatus. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Subjects performed a graded maximal treadmill test during which heart rate, minute ventilation (V̇e), oxygen consumption (V̇o2), carbon dioxide production, and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) were measured every minute until exhaustion. Ventilatory equivalents for oxygen (V̇e/V̇o2) and oxygen pulse were calculated. Results: Subjects recovering from TBI had significantly lower peak responses for heart rate, Vo2, Ve, and oxygen pulse TBI (P<.01). Peak RER and Ve/Vo2 were similar. There were significant differences in submaximal responses for V̇e/V̇o2 and oxygen pulse. Conclusions: Patients with TBI were significantly more deconditioned than a comparable group of sedentary people without disability. Participation in cardiorespiratory fitness programs after TBI should be encouraged to prevent secondary disability.

    AB - Mossberg KA, Ayala D, Baker T, Heard J, Masel B. Aerobic capacity after traumatic brain injury: comparison with a nondisabled cohort. Objective: To compare aerobic capacity of people recovering from traumatic brain injury (TBI) with an age- and sex-matched group of nondisabled sedentary people. Design: Descriptive comparative study of peak and submaximal physiologic responses. Setting: Residential postacute treatment center. Participants: Convenience sample of 13 people with TBI and 13 age- and sex-matched nondisabled subjects. All subjects could walk 5.3kph (3.3mph), follow 2-step commands, and comply with testing using the gas collection apparatus. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Subjects performed a graded maximal treadmill test during which heart rate, minute ventilation (V̇e), oxygen consumption (V̇o2), carbon dioxide production, and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) were measured every minute until exhaustion. Ventilatory equivalents for oxygen (V̇e/V̇o2) and oxygen pulse were calculated. Results: Subjects recovering from TBI had significantly lower peak responses for heart rate, Vo2, Ve, and oxygen pulse TBI (P<.01). Peak RER and Ve/Vo2 were similar. There were significant differences in submaximal responses for V̇e/V̇o2 and oxygen pulse. Conclusions: Patients with TBI were significantly more deconditioned than a comparable group of sedentary people without disability. Participation in cardiorespiratory fitness programs after TBI should be encouraged to prevent secondary disability.

    KW - Brain injuries

    KW - Head injuries, closed

    KW - Physical endurance

    KW - Rehabilitation

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33847117565&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33847117565&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.apmr.2006.12.006

    DO - 10.1016/j.apmr.2006.12.006

    M3 - Article

    VL - 88

    SP - 315

    EP - 320

    JO - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

    JF - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

    SN - 0003-9993

    IS - 3

    ER -