Age differences in the effects of network composition on psychological distress

Mary Peek, Nan Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main goal of this research is to better understand age differences in the effects of social networks on mental health. Using a social network approach to revise the convoy of social support model (Kahn and Antonucci, 1980), we examine specifically how two aspects of social support networks (kin composition and convoy dimensions) influence psychological distress for older and younger samples (18-59 and 60+). We hypothesize that kin composition will influence distress in general but especially for the younger sample, while two competing hypotheses for the convoy of social support model are tested. Using data from a three-wave panel health study, structural equation models (LISREL 8.20) indicate that a greater proportion of kin in the perceived support network and the presence of family members in the inner circle of the convoy significantly reduce distress, primarily for the younger sample. Implications for the convoy model are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-636
Number of pages16
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1999

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age difference
Social Support
social support
Psychology
social network
structural model
family member
mental health
Structural Models
health
effect
Social support
Age differences
Psychological distress
Age Differences
Psychological Distress
Mental Health
young
Distress
Social networks

Keywords

  • Age Differences
  • Psychological Distress
  • Social Networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Development
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Age differences in the effects of network composition on psychological distress. / Peek, Mary; Lin, Nan.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 49, No. 5, 09.1999, p. 621-636.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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