Age of smoking initiation among adolescents in Africa

Sreenivas P. Veeranki, Rijo M. John, Abdallah Ibrahim, Divya Pillendla, James F. Thrasher, Daniel Owusu, Ahmed E O Ouma, Hadii M. Mamudu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To estimate prevalence and identify correlates of age of smoking initiation among adolescents in Africa. Methods: Data (n = 16,519) were obtained from nationally representative Global Youth Tobacco Surveys in nine West African countries. Study outcome was adolescents’ age of smoking initiation categorized into six groups: ≤7, 8 or 9, 10 or 11, 12 or 13, 14 or 15 and never-smoker. Explanatory variables included sex, parental or peer smoking behavior, exposure to tobacco industry promotions, and knowledge about smoking harm. Weighted multinomial logit models were conducted to determine correlates associated with adolescents’ age of smoking initiation. Results: Age of smoking initiation was as early as ≤7 years; prevalence estimates ranged from 0.7 % in Ghana at 10 or 11 years age to 9.6 % in Cote d’Ivoire at 12 or 13 years age. Males, exposures to parental or peer smoking, and industry promotions were identified as significant correlates. Conclusions: West African policymakers should adopt a preventive approach consistent with the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control to prevent an adolescent from initiating smoking and developing into future regular smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Aug 29 2016

Fingerprint

smoking
Smoking
adolescent
nicotine
Tobacco
promotion
Tobacco Industry
Ghana
industry
WHO
Industry
Logistic Models
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Group

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Africa
  • Age of smoking initiation
  • Global Youth Tobacco Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Veeranki, S. P., John, R. M., Ibrahim, A., Pillendla, D., Thrasher, J. F., Owusu, D., ... Mamudu, H. M. (Accepted/In press). Age of smoking initiation among adolescents in Africa. International Journal of Public Health, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-016-0888-7

Age of smoking initiation among adolescents in Africa. / Veeranki, Sreenivas P.; John, Rijo M.; Ibrahim, Abdallah; Pillendla, Divya; Thrasher, James F.; Owusu, Daniel; Ouma, Ahmed E O; Mamudu, Hadii M.

In: International Journal of Public Health, 29.08.2016, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Veeranki, SP, John, RM, Ibrahim, A, Pillendla, D, Thrasher, JF, Owusu, D, Ouma, AEO & Mamudu, HM 2016, 'Age of smoking initiation among adolescents in Africa', International Journal of Public Health, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-016-0888-7
Veeranki SP, John RM, Ibrahim A, Pillendla D, Thrasher JF, Owusu D et al. Age of smoking initiation among adolescents in Africa. International Journal of Public Health. 2016 Aug 29;1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-016-0888-7
Veeranki, Sreenivas P. ; John, Rijo M. ; Ibrahim, Abdallah ; Pillendla, Divya ; Thrasher, James F. ; Owusu, Daniel ; Ouma, Ahmed E O ; Mamudu, Hadii M. / Age of smoking initiation among adolescents in Africa. In: International Journal of Public Health. 2016 ; pp. 1-10.
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