Aging of mesenchymal stem cell: machinery, markers, and strategies of fighting

Mahmoud Al-Azab, Mohammed Safi, Elina Idiiatullina, Fadhl Al-Shaebi, Mohamed Y. Zaky

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are primary multipotent cells capable of differentiating into osteocytes, chondrocytes, and adipocytes when stimulated under appropriate conditions. The role of MSCs in tissue homeostasis, aging-related diseases, and cellular therapy is clinically suggested. As aging is a universal problem that has large socioeconomic effects, an improved understanding of the concepts of aging can direct public policies that reduce its adverse impacts on the healthcare system and humanity. Several studies of aging have been carried out over several years to understand the phenomenon and different factors affecting human aging. A reduced ability of adult stem cell populations to reproduce and regenerate is one of the main contributors to the human aging process. In this context, MSCs senescence is a major challenge in front of cellular therapy advancement. Many factors, ranging from genetic and metabolic pathways to extrinsic factors through various cellular signaling pathways, are involved in regulating the mechanism of MSC senescence. To better understand and reverse cellular senescence, this review highlights the underlying mechanisms and signs of MSC cellular senescence, and discusses the strategies to combat aging and cellular senescence. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number69
JournalCellular and Molecular Biology Letters
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Cellular senescence
  • Differentiation
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • Senescence markers; Anti-cellular senescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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