Alcohol intake in the healthy elderly. Changes with age in a cross-sectional and longitudinal study

W. L. Adams, P. J. Garry, R. Rhyne, W. C. Hunt, James Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several cross-sectional studies have shown a decline in alcohol intake with increasing age. Longitudinal studies have failed to confirm this trend, which suggests that cohort effects may account for the reported decline. To address this, both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of alcohol use in 270 healthy elderly persons over a seven-year period (1980-1987) were performed. Alcohol consumption was assessed by three-day diet records. One hundred sixty-five subjects (61.1%) remained in the study until 1987; 143 (53%) completed diet records for every year. Longitudinal analysis showed a statistically significant decline in the percent of subjects consuming any alcohol over time (slope = -2% per year; 95% confidence interval -2.8, -1.1%). A cross-sectional analysis of the 1980 data revealed a similar decline in percent drinkers with increasing age (slope = -2.7% per year; 95% confidence interval -4.4, -1.1%). Mean alcohol intake for those who continued to drink did not change over time except among heavy drinkers (consumption of > 30 g per day in 1980), who did show a significant decline in mean alcohol intake P = .02). Thus, in our population the decline in percent of drinkers with age found by a cross-sectional analysis was confirmed in longitudinal analyses, suggesting that this represents a true age-related decline rather than a cohort effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-216
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume38
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Longitudinal Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Alcohols
Diet Records
Cohort Effect
Confidence Intervals
Alcohol Drinking
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Alcohol intake in the healthy elderly. Changes with age in a cross-sectional and longitudinal study. / Adams, W. L.; Garry, P. J.; Rhyne, R.; Hunt, W. C.; Goodwin, James.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 38, No. 3, 1990, p. 211-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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