Allostatic load in an environmental riskscape: The role of stressors and gender

Christine A. Mair, Malcolm P. Cutchin, Mary Peek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stressors are theorized to be associated with higher allostatic load (AL), a concept of physiological wear measured as a composite of physical biomarkers. Risk of high AL may vary by gender and may be intensified in places with significant environmental risks, otherwise known as 'environmental riskscapes'. Yet, no study has examined the relationship between stressors, gender, and allostatic load in an environmental riskscape. Using primary data collected in a sample (N=1072) exposed to various environmental and social stressors, we find that long-term residence in Texas City (30 or more years), residential proximity to petrochemical plants, perceived poor neighborhood conditions, and daily hassles are associated with higher allostatic load components. Variation in AL differs by gender and the types of biomarkers examined. Gender moderates the effect of length of residence in Texas City on cardiovascular health risk. We discuss our findings in light of current research on stressors, gender, allostatic load, and double jeopardy within environmental riskscapes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)978-987
Number of pages10
JournalHealth and Place
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

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Allostasis
gender
biomarker
Biomarkers
Physiological Phenomena
health risk
environmental risk
Health
Research

Keywords

  • Allostatic load
  • Environmental riskscapes
  • Gender
  • Health disparities
  • Stressors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Allostatic load in an environmental riskscape : The role of stressors and gender. / Mair, Christine A.; Cutchin, Malcolm P.; Peek, Mary.

In: Health and Place, Vol. 17, No. 4, 07.2011, p. 978-987.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mair, Christine A. ; Cutchin, Malcolm P. ; Peek, Mary. / Allostatic load in an environmental riskscape : The role of stressors and gender. In: Health and Place. 2011 ; Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 978-987.
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