Allosteric Modulation of Class A GPCRs: Targets, Agents, and Emerging Concepts

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Abstract

G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been tractable drug targets for decades with over one-third of currently marketed drugs targeting GPCRs. Of these, the class A GPCR superfamily is highly represented, and continued drug discovery for this family of receptors may provide novel therapeutics for a vast range of diseases. GPCR allosteric modulation is an innovative targeting approach that broadens the available small molecule toolbox and is proving to be a viable drug discovery strategy, as evidenced by recent FDA approvals and clinical trials. Numerous class A GPCR allosteric modulators have been discovered recently, and emerging trends such as the availability of GPCR crystal structures, diverse functional assays, and structure-based computational approaches are improving optimization and development. This Perspective provides an update on allosterically targeted class A GPCRs and their disease indications and the medicinal chemistry approaches toward novel allosteric modulators and highlights emerging trends and opportunities in the field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-127
Number of pages40
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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