Allylamine cardiovascular toxicity

Paul J. Boor, Robert M. Hysmith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

The chemistry, industrial usage, general toxicity, and experimenal use of allylamine are briefly reviewed. This highly reactive unsaturated alkylamine has had industrial applications in a variety of organic processes, and continues to be utilized, although accurate data concerning production is not readily available. The general toxic effects of the freebase from are primarily related to irritationp of the mucous membranes, whereas the relatively long history of experimental use of this chemical has emphasized its' extraordinary deleterious effets on heart and vascular tissue. Allylamine has been given by a variety of routes to many species in attempts to cause lesions which mimic human acute vasculitis, acute myocardial necrosis, and atherosclerosis; example of typical lesions are illustrated. More recent in vivo and in vitro experimental work concerning the cellular toxicity of allylamine are summarized, and possible mechanisms of this chemicals' toxic action are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-145
Number of pages17
JournalToxicology
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1987

Keywords

  • Allylamine
  • Cardiovascular toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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