Alterations in protein metabolism during space flight and inactivity

Arny A. Ferrando, Doug Paddon-Jones, Robert R. Wolfe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Space flight and the accompanying diminished muscular activity lead to a loss of body nitrogen and muscle function. These losses may affect crew capabilities and health in long-duration missions. Space flight alters protein metabolism such that the body is unable to maintain protein synthetic rates. A concomitant hypocaloric intake and altered anabolic/catabolic hormonal profiles may contribute to or exacerbate this problem. The inactivity associated with bedrest also reduces muscle and whole-body protein synthesis. For this reason, bedrest provides a good model for the investigation of potential exercise and nutritional countermeasures to restore muscle protein synthesis. We have demonstrated that minimal resistance exercise preserves muscle protein synthesis throughout bedrest. In addition, ongoing work indicates that an essential amino acid and carbohydrate supplement may ameliorate the loss of lean body mass and muscle strength associated with 28 d of bedrest. The investigation of inactivity-induced alterations in protein metabolism, during space flight or prolonged bedrest, is applicable to clinical populations and, in a more general sense, to the problems associated with the decreased activity that occur with aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-841
Number of pages5
JournalNutrition
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2002

Keywords

  • Amino acid supplementation
  • Anabolic/catabolic hormones
  • Bed rest
  • Muscle protein metabolism
  • Resistance exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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