PURPOSE. Metal ions play a key role in exacerbating toxicity associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. This study examines the effects of a formulation containing the metal chelator ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and permeability enhancer methyl sulfonyl methane (MSM) on the early course of inflammation in endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU). The proprietary MSM/EDTA formulation of Livionex, Inc., which was used for this study, is covered by several patents and pending patent applications. METHODS. EIU was induced by using subcutaneous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into the thighs of Lewis rats. Treatment consisted of topical application to the eyes of either PBS or eye drops designated as ME that contain EDTA and MSM. Clinical signs of uveitis were monitored at 6 and 24 hours postinjection. Oxidative and inflammatory markers were evaluated by ELISA or immunohistochemistry. RESULTS. Rats treated with ME showed fewer clinical signs of uveitis including reduced miosis, fibrinous exudates, and dilated blood vessels. The aqueous humor of treated rats contained fewer leukocytes, lower protein levels, and less PGE2. Formation of protein adducts with the lipid peroxidation end-product, 4-hydroxynonenal, expression of NF-jB, TNF-α, and MMP-9 were all reduced in rats treated with ME. CONCLUSIONS. Our results indicate that ME eye drops downregulate the ocular inflammatory response in LPS treated rats, suggesting that induction of EIU involves metal ions and chelation therapy with ME is a potential treatment for uveitis.
- Metal chelation
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience