Amino acid side-chain populations in aqueous and saline solution

Bis- penicillamine enkephalin

P. E. Smith, Bernard Pettitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The potentials of mean force (pmfs) for rotation around the χ1 aromatic side-chain dihedrals of the zwitterionic bis-penicillamine enkephalin pentapeptide have been determined in both aqueous and saline solution. These side chains are known to be associated with the pharmacophore and their conformational populations are thought to be critical for activity. It is found that the association between chloride ions and the peptide in saline solution simulations has profound effects on the relative energies of the g- ,g+, and t conformations, and also the barriers between them. Using the pmfs we have also calculated the respective Boltzmann-weighted 3J(αβ) vicinal coupling constants. The agreement between the calculated and experimentally determined coupling constants is poor for the pmf in pure water, but substantially improved for the pmf determined in saline solution. Reasons for these differences appear to be related to the experimental conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1623-1629
Number of pages7
JournalBiopolymers
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1992
Externally publishedYes

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D-Penicillamine (2,5)-Enkephalin
Sodium Chloride
Amino acids
Amino Acids
Population
Peptides
Conformations
Chlorides
Association reactions
Ions
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics

Cite this

Amino acid side-chain populations in aqueous and saline solution : Bis- penicillamine enkephalin. / Smith, P. E.; Pettitt, Bernard.

In: Biopolymers, Vol. 32, No. 12, 12.1992, p. 1623-1629.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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