Amino acid supplementation alters bone metabolism during simulated weightlessness

S. R. Zwart, J. E. Davis-Street, Douglas Paddon-Jones, A. A. Ferrando, R. R. Wolfe, S. M. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-protein and acidogenic diets induce hypercalciuria. Foods or supplements with excess sulfur-containing amino acids increase endogenous sulfuric acid production and therefore have the potential to increase calcium excretion and alter bone metabolism. In this study, effects of an amino acid/ carbohydrate supplement on bone resorption were examined during bed rest. Thirteen subjects were divided at random into two groups: a control group (Con, n = 6) and an amino acid-supplemented group (AA, n = 7) who consumed an extra 49.5 g essential amino acids and 90 g carbohydrate per day for 28 days. Urine was collected for n-telopeptide (NTX), deoxypyridinoline (DPD), calcium, and pH determinations. Bone mineral content was determined and potential renal acid load was calculated. Bone-specific alkaline phosphatase was measured in serum samples collected on day 1 (immediately before bed rest) and on day 28. Potential renal acid load was higher in the AA group than in the Con group during bed rest (P < 0.05). For all subjects, during bed rest urinary NTX and DPD concentrations were greater than pre-bed rest levels (P < 0.05). Urinary NTX and DPD tended to be higher in the AA group (P = 0.073 and P = 0.056, respectively). During bed rest, urinary calcium was greater than baseline levels (P < 0.05) in the AA group but not the Con group. Total bone mineral content was lower after bed rest than before bed rest in the AA group but not the Con group (P < 0.05). During bed rest, urinary pH decreased (P < 0.05), and it was lower in the AA group than the Con group. These data suggest that bone resorption increased, without changes in bone formation, in the AA group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-140
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005

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Weightlessness
Bed Rest
Amino Acids
Bone and Bones
Bone Resorption
Calcium
Bone Density
Carbohydrates
Sulfur Amino Acids
Kidney
Hypercalciuria
Acids
Essential Amino Acids
Dietary Supplements
Osteogenesis
Alkaline Phosphatase
Urine
Diet
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Acidosis
  • Bed rest
  • Bone resorption
  • Methionine
  • n-telopeptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Amino acid supplementation alters bone metabolism during simulated weightlessness. / Zwart, S. R.; Davis-Street, J. E.; Paddon-Jones, Douglas; Ferrando, A. A.; Wolfe, R. R.; Smith, S. M.

In: Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 99, No. 1, 07.2005, p. 134-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zwart, S. R. ; Davis-Street, J. E. ; Paddon-Jones, Douglas ; Ferrando, A. A. ; Wolfe, R. R. ; Smith, S. M. / Amino acid supplementation alters bone metabolism during simulated weightlessness. In: Journal of Applied Physiology. 2005 ; Vol. 99, No. 1. pp. 134-140.
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