OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether obstetric factors affect the concentrations of matrix metalloproteinase 9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 in the amniotic fluid. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively collected amniotic fluid samples from 109 women at various stages of pregnancy and labor and determined matrix metalloproteinase 9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 concentrations by means of enzyme-linked immunosorbent sandwich assay systems. With multiple regression analysis we evaluated relationships between amniotic fluid matrix metalloproteinase 9 concentration and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 concentration and the following factors: gestational age, presence of labor, cervical dilatation, membrane status, presence of clinical chorioamnionitis, and microbial colonization of the amniotic fluid. RESULTS: The detectable presence of amniotic fluid matrix metalloproteinase 9 was independently associated with intra-amniotic infection, labor, cervical dilatation, and spontaneous rupture of membranes. Chorioamnionitis and amniotic fluid matrix metalloproteinase 9 concentrations were correlated with tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 levels. CONCLUSIONS: Intra-amniotic infection, advanced labor, and rupture of membranes before the onset of labor were independently associated with the presence of matrix metalloproteinase 9 in the amniotic fluid. Both pathologic and physiologic processes appear to produce shifts in the balance between degradation and synthesis of the extracellular matrix.
- Amniotic fluid
- Intra-amniotic infection
- Matrix metalloproteinase 9
- Spontaneous rupture of membranes
- Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology