An asymptomatic patient with Fatal infertility carried a swedish strain of Chlamydia trachomatis with additional deletion in the plasmid orf1 that belonged to a different MLST sequence type

Valentina A. Feodorova, Sergey S. Zaitsev, Yury V. Saltykov, Edgar S. Sultanakhmedov, Andrew L. Bakulev, Sergey S. Ulyanov, Vladimir L. Motin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Here, we present the first case of asymptomatic genital Chlamydial infection caused by the new emerging Chlamydia trachomatis (C.t.) ST13 strain genovar E, which has a double deletion of 377 bp and 17 bp in orf1 gene of the cryptic plasmid (ddCT). This case occurred in an infertile patient (case-patient) with a detectable level of Chlamydial antibodies and a spermatozoa deficiency known as azoospermia. Additionally, the ddCT strain showed the presence of a duplication of 44 bp in the plasmid orf3 and SNP in orf4, which were known as the typical characteristics of the Swedish variant of C.t. (nvCT) genovar E. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) determined a significant difference between ddCT and nvCT in four alleles (oppA, hfiX, gitA and enoA). Both ddCT and nvCT were assigned to different genetic lineages and could be allocated to two different non-overlapping clonal complexes. Furthermore, ddCT demonstrated a considerable difference among 4–5 alleles in comparison with other C.t. strains of genovar E of ST4, ST8, ST12, and ST94, including the founder of a single relevant cluster, wtCT E/SW3 (Swedish genetic lineage). In contrast to other genovar E strains, ddCT had identical alleles with seven out of seven loci found in ST13 strains of genovars D and G, including the founder for this clonal group, D/UW-3/CX, and six out of seven loci found in its derivatives, such as ST6, ST10, and ST95 of genovars G and H. Nevertheless, MSTree V2 showed that ddCT and nvCT could have a common early ancestor, which is a parental C.t. G/9301 strain of ST9. A significant difference between ddCT and nvCT of genovar D (nvCT-D) that was recently found in Mexico was also determined as: (i) ddCT belonged to genovar E but not to genovar D; (ii) ddCT had a 44 bp duplication within the orf3 of the plasmid typical for nvCT; (iii) ddCT possessed an additional 17 bp deletion in the orf1. In conclusion, improved case management should include the clinical physician’s awareness of the need to enhance molecular screening of asymptomatic Chlamydia patients. Such molecular diagnostics might be essential to significantly reducing the global burden of Chlamydial infection on international public health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number187
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

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Keywords

  • Asymptomatic genital Chlamydial infection
  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Cryptic plasmid
  • DdCT
  • Deletion
  • MLST
  • New variant
  • NvCT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Virology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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