An ecological momentary assessment study investigating selfefficacy and outcome expectancy as mediators of affective and physiological responses and exercise among endometrial cancer survivors

Liao Yue Liao, Jaejoon Song, Michael C. Robertson, Emily Cox-Martin, Karen Basen-Engquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Previous studies have shown affective and physiological states in response to exercise as predictors of daily exercise, yet little is known about the mechanism underlying such effects. Purpose To examine the mediating effects of self-efficacy and outcome expectancy on the relationships between affective and physiological responses to exercise and subsequent exercise levels in endometrial cancer survivors. Methods Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) surveys were delivered up to eight 5- to 7-day periods over 6 months. Participants (n = 100) rated their affective and physiological states before and after each exercise session (predictors) and recorded their self-efficacy and outcome expectancy each morning (mediators). Exercise (outcome) was based on self-reported EMA surveys and accelerometer measures. A 1-1-1 multilevel mediation model was used to disaggregate the within-subject (WS) and between-subject (BS) effects. Results At the WS level, a more positive affective state after exercise was associated with higher self-efficacy and positive outcome expectation the next day, which in turn was associated with higher subsequent exercise levels (ps < .05). At the BS level, participants who typically had more positive affective and experienced less intense physiological sensation after exercise had higher average self-efficacy, which was associated with higher average exercise levels (ps < .05). Conclusions In endometrial cancer survivors, affective experience after exercise, daily self-efficacy and positive outcome expectation help explain the day-to-day differences in exercise levels within-person. Findings from this study highlight potentials for behavioral interventions that target affective experience after exercise and daily behavioral cognitions to promote physical activity in cancer survivors' everyday lives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-334
Number of pages15
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Affective experience
  • Experience sampling
  • Home-based exercise
  • Multilevel mediation analysis
  • Social cognitive theory
  • Somatic sensations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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